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Старый 13.12.2015, 18:44   #1
Андрей Пустоваров
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По умолчанию африканские планки

надо уж как нибудь рассмотреть эти африканские планки

HEREROLAND,
HERERO-LAND
OMARURU
ONGANJIRA
WATERBERG
OMAHEKE
GROSS-NAMALAND
FAHLGRAS
TOASIS
KARAS-BERGE
KARASBERGE
GROSS-NABAS
AUOB
NURUDAS
NARUDAS
NOSSOB
ORANJE
KALAHARI 1907
KALAHARI 1908.
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Мудрый радуется, когда обнаруживает истину, глупец – когда находит ложь. Ибн Гвироль.

Последний раз редактировалось Андрей Пустоваров, 13.12.2015 в 18:46.
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Старый 13.12.2015, 19:36   #2
Михаил Беленький
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Тебе хорошо - есть что рассматривать.
А у меня ни планок, ни ленты. Только медаль.
__________________
В действительности всё не так, как на самом деле.
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Старый 14.12.2015, 01:13   #3
Wolgadeutscher
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Интересно, планка за бои на реке Оранжевой это ко времени боёв с "умеренной оппозицией" гереро или уже за победу там над южно-африканскими войсками в 1914 году?
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Старый 14.12.2015, 01:54   #4
JapanX
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Oranje была в числе первых 12 планок, что были утверждены 19 марта 1907 года.

Наделялись ею парни, которые приняли участие в одном из восьми столкновений на речке апельсиновой между 26 июня 1905 года и 30 августа 1906

Последний раз редактировалось JapanX, 14.12.2015 в 02:02.
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Старый 14.12.2015, 01:58   #5
JapanX
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Цитата:
Сообщение от Андрей Пустоваров Посмотреть сообщение
надо уж как нибудь рассмотреть эти африканские планки
Ну давай рассмотрим
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Старый 14.12.2015, 02:11   #6
JapanX
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Последний раз редактировалось JapanX, 14.12.2015 в 02:21.
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Старый 14.12.2015, 02:20   #7
JapanX
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Только 92 такие планки были выданы.
Кавалеры только и только англичане.
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Старый 14.12.2015, 02:23   #8
JapanX
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По редчайшей Kalahari 1907 есть даже небольшая книга

Gordon McGregor
German Medals, British Soldiers and the Kalahari Desert

ISBN: 978-99916-40-74-7
104 pages
b/w photos, colour pictures
150 x 210 mm
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Старый 14.12.2015, 02:27   #9
JapanX
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Вот ещё одна такая редкость
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Старый 14.12.2015, 02:30   #10
JapanX
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Теперь полезная статья из Журнала военной истории за 1968 год

Military History Journal, Vol 1 No 3 - December 1968
The Südwestafrika Denkmünze and the
South West African Campaigns of 1903-08

by T. E. SOLE
October of 1903 witnessed the beginning of what was to be a lengthy, tiresome and expensive colonial war for Germany. It was to prove expensive not only in money it cost Germany some R60,000,000 but also in men, for she was to suffer two thousand military casualties.
The underlying cause of the war was the fear on the part of the indigenous people of South West Africa that the persistent endeavours of the German colonists to acquire possession of tribal lands for the increasing number of German immigrants, would rob them of their traditional unrestricted grazing rights. Smouldering resentment erupted into fiery rebellion in October 1903 in the extreme south in the region occupied by the Bondelswart Nama.

Lieutenant Jobst, the officer in charge of the Warmbad garrison and area, became involved in a dispute with the Nama chief, Abraham Christiaan, and tried to arrest him. The Nama resisted, and Jobst and two of his men were killed. Following this murder, with the smell of blood in their nostrils, the Nama laid siege to the fort at Warmbad. The defenders, eleven of them, valiantly resisted repeated attacks, and heliographed to Windhoek for help.

The Germans were caught off balance, for most of the military garrison troops were stationed in Hereroland in the North. Ever since their first colonisation of "Luderitzland" they had been constantly harassed by the Herero, and had therefore always posted the majority of their troops in their area. On receipt of the alarm from Warmbad, the German commander managed to raise a force of 200 soldiers, together with some 300 men supplied by Hendrick Witbooi. This force marched South and succeeded in relieving Warmbad three weeks after the start of the siege. While the Germans were pre-occupied with the disturbance in the South, Samuel Maherero chief of the Herero, struck in the North. On 11th January 1904 he issued instructions to his followers that all Germans must be killed. He also sent a message to Hendrick Witbool asking him to join the rebellion. This message was however intercepted, and Witbooi did not in fact strike until six months later.

With the forts very thinly held, the Herero warriors swept over the lonely farms, and 123 German men, women and children were murdered - the women and children against the wishes of Maherero, who had given orders that no indigenous people nor any British, Boers, or women and children were to be harmed. Terror stricken, the survivors fled to the military posts, but even they offered only precarious refuge for it was not long before the Herero laid siege to these forts.

The Germans were quick to retaliate. On the 27th of January 1904, Captain Franke arrived at the head of a column and the Herero were driven from Okahandja. (This same officer, but as Colonel Franke, was the man on whom fell, in 1915, the awful responsibility of surrendering the German forces in South West Africa to the Union forces). At Omaruru the officer in charge, Kühn, realised that his fort could not be held and ordered all personnel, military and civilian, to man the Police station. No sooner had they transferred the food and ammunition, and finished sandbagging the Police station, than the Herero onslaught began. Fortunately there was a well in the grounds of the station, and the defenders never went short of water, but rations had to be reduced and the women and children suffered considerably before Franke, now a Major, was able to relieve them after a three weeks' siege.

Shocked at what was happening in South West Africa, the German Imperial Government found a scapegoat in Leutwein, the Civil governor and military commander. Leutwein was criticised in Germany and was accused of having provoked the rebellion by being too lenient in his treatment of the natives. Contrary to what was said, he had in fact been very much in favour of keeping the native in his place. He was replaced as Military Commander on 27th of January 1904, von Trotha being appointed to succeed him. The following year he was replaced as Civil Governor by von Lindequist. However, before losing his military command he had personally directed operations against the Nama, and after negotiating peace with them at Kalkfontein on 27th January 1904, had returned with the troops to make preparations to tackle the Herero. He was however, recalled to Germany before he could ride against the Herero, and relinquished his command to Lieutenant-General von Trotha in June 1904.

The only action ever fought in the North occurred at Fort Namutoni on 28th of January 1904. Incited by the Herero, five hundred Ovambo attacked the fort which was held by only seven men. Realising that they could not defend the whole fort, the tiny garrison selected one massive tower and stocked it with food, water and ammunition. The Ovambo threw themselves at the fortifications, but were brought down by well directed fire from the seven. That night under cover of darkness, the defenders slipped stealthily away, six of them carrying their comrade who had been wounded. Returning to the attack the next day, the Ovambo found the fort deserted, but around it lay one hundred and fifty of their dead. This salutary lesson was sufficient to dissuade them from taking any further part in the war.

Meantime the Herero, retreating before the advancing German columns, found themselves massed in the Waterberg mountains. Reinforcements having arrived from Germany the troops had been divided into two columns, one operating in the East towards the British frontier and the Kalahari desert, and the other in the West. By disposing their troops in this manner the Germans had forced the Herero northwards and at the same time prevented them from crossing the border into British territory. Thus it was that on 11-12th of August 1904, some 60,000 Herero with everything they possessed and no less than 6,000 rifles, were surrounded by 3,000 German troops. With von Trotha personally directing operations, the Germans then commenced the systematic massacre of the Herero. All through that day the noise of battle reverberated through the hills, to cease only with the coming of night. Even then, with darkness covering the horrible scene, spasmodic rifle fire was heard, although the German field pieces were silent. In the darkness those Herero fortunate enough to have survived the holocaust slipped quietly through the German lines and made for the frontier and safety. Eventually Samuel Maherero and a small remnant of only some 1,500 of his tribe succeeded in reaching Bechuanaland.
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